Fungal Eye Infection Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment


What is Fungal Eye Infection?

Fungal Eye Infections are extremely rare, but they can be very serious. The most common way for someone to develop a fungal eye infection is as a result of an eye injury, particularly if the injury was caused by plant material such as a stick or a thorn. Inflammation or infection of the cornea (the clear, front layer of the eye) is known as keratitis, and inflammation or infection in the interior of the eye is called endophthalmitis. Many different types of fungi can cause eye infections.

Causes of Fungal Eye Infection

Fungus includes things like yeast, mild, and mildew. A fungus can live in air, in soil, on plants, and in water. Some live on or in the human body. Fungus cannot usually infect a healthy cornea. However, anything that causes a break or scratch in the cornea can lead to a fungal infection, such as:

  • Getting scratched in your eye with a fingernail, comb, or twig
  • Getting splinters or dirt in your eye
  • Not cleaning contact lenses properly or sleeping in your contacts

A fungal infection of the cornea is more likely if you have conditions that can weaken your cornea or weaken your ability to fight off infection, such as:

Symptoms of Fungal Eye Infection

The symptoms of a fungal eye infection are similar to the symptoms of other types of eye infections (such as those caused by bacteria) and can include:

  • Eye pain
  • Eye redness
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Excessive tearing
  • Eye discharge

Diagnosis of Fungal Eye Infection

The diagnosis of Fungal Eye Infection are as follows:

  • An exam using a microscope with a light attached, called a slit lamp, to look closely at the front and back of your eye
  • An exam using drops to enlarge, or dilate, your pupils and a light to look into the back of your eyes
  • Biopsy, which is the removal of a tiny sample of tissue from the cornea for testing to find the cause of the infection
  • An ultrasound, which uses sound waves to show pictures of the back of your eye

Treatment of Fungal Eye Infection

The treatment for a Fungal Eye Infection depends on:

  • The type of fungus
  • The severity of the infection, and
  • The parts of the eye that are affected

Possible forms of treatment for fungal eye infections include:

  • Antifungal eye drops
  • Antifungal medication given as a pill or through a vein
  • Antifungal medication injected directly into the eye
  • Eye surgery

Antifungal medication

  • Natamycin
  • Amphotericin B
  • Fluconazole
  • Voriconazole

By : Natural Health News

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