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Pink Eye (conjunctivitis) Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What Is Pink Eye?

Pink eye is the inflammation of the conjunctiva, which are the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids.

Although it can be irritating, it rarely affects vision.

Causes Of Pink Eye:

Pink eye can develop due to the following causes:

  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Allergies
  • A chemical splash in the eye
  • A foreign object in the eye

Types Of Pink Eye:

Generally pink eye can be divided into the following types:

  • Viral and bacterial conjunctivitis
  1. Affects one or both eyes
  2. Viral conjunctivitis produces a watery discharge while bacterial produces a thick yellow discharge
  3. Can be associated with colds or symptoms of respiratory infection
  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  1. Affects both eyes
  2. Causes intense itching

Symptoms Of Pink Eye:

Some common symptoms of pink eye include the following:

  • Redness
  • Itchiness
  • A gritty feeling
  • A discharge that forms a crust during the night that may prevent your eye or eyes from opening in the morning
  • Tearing

Diagnosis Of Pink Eye:

In order to diagnose pink eye, the doctor will examine the eye and ask the individual about his symptoms and health history.

In case of allergic conjunctivitis, the doctor may take tests so as to identify the source of allergy.

A sample of eye secretion may be taken for laboratory analysis if:

  • The cornea is seen to be affected
  • The affected eye is not responding to treatments

Treatment Of Pink Eye:

There are different course of treatments depending upon the type of pink eye.

  • Bacterial conjunctivitis
  1. Clears up without treatment in two weeks
  2. Antibiotics speed up recovery
  3. Eye drops and ointment helps relieve symptoms
  • Viral conjunctivitis
  1. Antiviral medication is prescribed
  2. Signs and symptoms may fade away after the virus has run its course
  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  1. Drugs which may control allergic reactions
  • Antihistamines
  • mast cell stabilizers
  1. Drugs to control inflammation
  • decongestants
  • steroids
  • anti-inflammatory eye drops


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By : Natural Health News

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