Type 2 Diabetes Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Type 2 Diabetes

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a long term metabolic disorder. It affects the way glucose is metabolized by the body. In most cases, it is characterized by resistance of the body against effects of insulin.
It is marked by high blood pressure and relative lack of insulin, in contrast to absolute lack of insulin in type 1 diabetes.
It primarily occurs due to obesity and lack of exercise in those who are genetically predisposed. Most cases of diabetes are type 2 in nature.

Various complications may stem from Type 2 diabetes. These may include:

  •     Heart disease
  •     Strokes
  •     Diabetic retinopathy
  •     Blindness
  •     Kidney failure
  •     Amputation of feet

Type 2 diabetes can be prevented in some cases by staying within the normal weight as measured by BMI.
Over the years, number of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has increased steadily. It generally begins in older age and therefore is also referred to as adult onset diabetes. There is no known cure against type 2 diabetes, although it can be effectively managed.

Causes Of Type 2 Diabetes:

The development of type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of lifestyle and genetic factors. Such factors encompass:

  •     Lifestyle
    Obesity
    Lack of physical exercise
    Stress
    Poor diet
    Urbanization
    Persistent organic pollutants
  •     Genetic
    Difference in DNA that affects how the body makes insulin
  •     Medical conditions
    Acromegaly
    Cushing’s syndrome
    hyperthyroidism
    pheochromocytoma
    Glucagonomas.
    Testosterone deficiency
    Metabolic syndrome

Possible Risk Factors Include:

  •     Fat distribution marked by fat stored primarily in the abdomen
  •     Family history
  •     Being middle or old aged
  •     Having prediabetes
  •     Having polycystic ovarian syndrome

Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes:

The following symptoms may be exhibited:

  •     Frequent urination (polyuria)
  •     Increased thirst (polydipsia)
  •     Increased hunger (Polyphagia)
  •     Weight loss
  •     Blurred vision
  •     Itchiness
  •     Peripheral neuropathy
  •     Recurrent vaginal infections
  •     Developing sores that do not heal
  •     fatigue

Diagnosis Of Type 2 Diabetes:

The following tests help confirm the diagnosis:

  •     Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, which indicates average blood sugar level for the past two to three months.
  •     Random blood sugar test.
  •     Fasting blood sugar test.
  •     Oral glucose tolerance test.

Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes:

Type 2 diabetes can be treated in the following ways:

  •     Eating healthy
  •     Exercising
  •     Monitoring blood sugar
  •     Medications and insulin therapy
    Metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, others).
    Sulfonylureas.
    Meglitinides.
    Thiazolidinediones.
    DPP-4 inhibitors.
    GLP-1 receptor agonists.
    SGLT2 inhibitors

By : Natural Health News

Natural Health News

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