Amebic Liver Abscess Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Amebic Liver Abscess

What Is Amebic Liver Abscess?

The medical term refers to a disease characterized by accumulation of pus in the liver which results due to an intestinal parasite, named Entamoeba histolytica. The specific parasite is also responsible for causing an intestinal infection called amebiasis. After the occurrence of infection in the intestine, Entamoeba histolytica is transmitted to the liver by means of blood.

What Are The Symptoms Of Amebic Liver Abscess?

Often, intestinal infection sources minor to no symptoms at all. However amebic liver abscess do roots symptoms such as:

• Chills and fever.

• Cough.

• Extreme abdominal pain that can be stabbing or continuous.

• Jaundice.

Weight loss.

When Is The High Time To Seek Medical Assistance?

If one has recently traveled to a tropical area where amebic liver abscess is common, and is noticing the above mentioned symptoms, do not delay to call up for an appointment with your doctor.

What Causes Amebic Liver Abscess?

Amebic liver abscess is triggered by an intestinal parasite, Entamoeba histolytica. The parasite spreads from consuming water or food contaminated by feces. This may occur when human feces are used as fertilizer. Moreover, Entamoeba histolytica also spreads via person-to person contact.

The disease is reported to occur worldwide, however it is more common particularly in the tropical areas where poor hygiene and crowded living environment exist.

What Are The Risk Factors Of Amebic Liver Abscess?

Certain factors known to increase the chances of amebic liver abscess are:

  • Steroid use.
  • Travel to some tropical region.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Old age.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Immunosupression such as HIV infection.
  • Cancer.
  • Alcoholism.

What Are The Potential Complications Of Amebic Liver Abscess?

Delaying the treatment of amebic liver abscess increases the chances of abscess to rupture, which allows the infection to spread into some other organs of your body such as the lungs, abdominal cavity, etc. The infection can also spread to your brain.

How Is Amebic Liver Abscess Diagnosed?

Following tests can help diagnose amebic liver abscess:

  • Stool testing and serology (amebiasis).
  • Liver function test.
  • Liver scan.
  • Liver abscess aspiration.
  • Complete blood count.
  • MRI or abdominal CT scan.
  • Abdominal ultrasound.

How Is Amebic Liver Abscess Treated?

The doctor can prescribe antibiotics for example tinidazole or metronidazole to treat amebic liver abscess. In order to clear out all the amoebas present in your intestine, whilst avoid the disease to recur, the doctor will prescribe either of the following medication:

  • Diloxanide.
  • Paramomycin.

What Is The Prognosis Of Amebic Liver Abscess?

Delaying the treatment of amebic liver abscess increases the chances of abscess to rupture, which makes it spread into some other organs of your body. Of course, the situation can turn very serious in the case. Though, individuals who pursue prompt treatment tend to have less chances of facing complications and are more likely to get completely cured.


By : Natural Health News

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