Oral Cancer Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Oral Cancer?

Oral Cancer can form in any part of the mouth. Most oral cancers begin in the flat cells that cover the surfaces of your mouth, tongue, and lips. Anyone can get oral cancer, but the risk is higher if you are male, use tobacco, drink lots of alcohol, have HPV Infection, or have a history of head or neck cancer.

Causes of Oral Cancer

A cancerous (malignant) tumour starts from one abnormal cell. The exact reason why a cell becomes cancerous is unclear. It is thought that something damages or alters certain genes in the cell. This makes the cell abnormal and multiply out of control.  Some people develop mouth cancer for no apparent reason. However, certain risk factors increase the chance that mouth cancer may develop. These include:

Symptoms of Oral Cancer

The most common symptoms of oral cancer are:

Other symptoms may include:

Diagnosis of Oral Cancer

Biopsy

The main methods used to carry out a biopsy in cases of suspected oral cancer are:

Further tests

Tests you may have include:

Staging and grading

Staging is a measure of how far the cancer has spread. The TNM system of staging is used for staging mouth cancer:

Treatment of Oral Cancer

Treatment for oral cancer depends on your cancer’s location and stage, as well as your overall health and personal preferences. You may have just one type of treatment, or you may undergo a combination of cancer treatments. Treatment options include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. Discuss your options with your doctor.

Surgery

Surgery for oral cancer may include:

Radiation therapy

Chemotherapy

Targeted drug therapy

Exercise  
Massage therapy
Relaxation
Acupuncture

By : Natural Health News

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