Addison’s Disease – A Rare Autoimmune Disorder

Addison’s disease

A disorder named Addison’s disease tends to occur when the body stops producing or produces inadequate amounts of steroids our body needs. The adrenal glands of an individual’s body suffering from Addison’s disease produce insufficient cortisol and too little aldosterone also.

Who is more likely to develop Addison’s disease?

The disease can occur in every age group, whilst affect males and females both. The disease can be very serious and life-threatening.

What are the symptoms of Addison disease?

The disorder mostly develops gradually, often over numerous months and includes decreased appetite, weight loss, fatigue and muscle weakness, hyperpigmentation (skin darkening), salt craving, low blood pressure, joint or muscle pains, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), diarrhea or vomiting, nausea, irritability, body hair loss, sexual dysfunction (women) or depression.

When is the high time to consult a doctor?

Consult a doctor if incase you experience fainting or dizziness, severe fatigue, joint or muscle pains, hyperpigmentation, gastrointestinal problems for example abdominal pain, vomiting or nausea etc.
What are the possible causes of Addison disease?
The disorder develops when adrenal cortex (adrenal glands outer layer) is damaged. As a result, the productions of the hormones levels are reduce. Few possible causes for such damage include:
• Infections for example HIV, fungal infections or tuberculosis.
• Tumors.
• Hemorrhage into your adrenal glands.
• Your immune system wrongly attacking your adrenal glands.

What are the alternative names of Addison disease?

Alternative names of Addison disease are:
• Primary adrenal insufficiency,
• chronic adrenocortical insufficiency and
• adrenocortical hypofunction.

Can Addison’s disease be prevented?

There are no particular guidelines in order to prevent Addison’s disease. However, if you are worried of having at a risk to develop the disorder, consult your doctor.

How is Addison disease diagnosed?

The doctor will ask for details regarding your symptoms and medical history. In case he doubts that you are suffering from Addison’s disease, than he can suggest you the following tests:
• ACTH stimulation test.
• Blood test.
• Imaging tests.
• Insulin-induced hypoglycemia test.

How is Addison disease treated?

All the treatments for the disorder involve the hormone replacement therapy in order to correct the steroid hormones levels which your body has stop producing. Few options for the treatment include:
• Corticosteroid injections.
• Oral corticosteroids.
• Androgen replacement therapy.

If you are suffering from Addison disease, then few steps can greatly help you to manage and cope better in case of medical emergency:
• Keep your medications handy.
• Always carry extra medicines.
• Carry your medical alert card all the time.
• Always keep in touch with your doctor.

Maintenance:

• Blood tests should be conducted on regular basis in order to monitor the response of your body to the medication. Never miss out a single dosage of the treatment. You must wear the medical alert bracelet all the time that stated Addison disease or adrenal insufficiency. This will inform others regarding your medical condition in case you cannot communicate.

 

By : Natural Health News


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