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Low Sperm Count Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What Is Low Sperm Count ?

Also known as oligozoospermia, low sperm count refers to semen with low concentration of sperms.  Such semen is ejaculated by a male during an orgasm while having sexual intercourse.

Often such semen may also show significant abnormalities in sperm morphology and motility and is a common symptom of male infertility.

In extreme cases, semen may be wary of sperms at all. Such a condition is dubbed to be azoospermia.

While men with low sperm count may be able to father a child, the chances become low since as the sperm count decreases so does the chance of the sperm combining with an egg.

A low sperm count consists of having sperms lesser than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Such a condition is experienced by up to one fifth of young men.

Causes Of Low Sperm Count:

There can be a number of reasons which may lead to a low sperm count.

Possible causes may include:

  • Hormone imbalance
  • Hypogonadism marked by the testes producing few or no hormones
  • Having an inherited genetic condition
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • undescended testicles
  • a structural problem pertaining to the male genital tract
  • a genital infection
  • chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Prostatitis
  • Having had surgery of the scortum
  • Having dilated veins within the testicles
  • Medications
  • testosterone replacement therapy,
  • long-term anabolic steroid use
  • cancer medications
  • ulcer medications
  • exposure to chemicals such as pesticides
  • using drugs

A number of factors increase the risk of developing low sperm count. They include:

  • Being a tobacco smoker
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Use of illegal drugs
  • obesity
  • Overheating the testicles
  • trauma to the testicles
  • Being born with a fertility disorder or having a blood relative with a fertility disorder
  • Having certain medical conditions, including tumors and chronic illnesses
  • Having a prior vasectomy or major abdominal or pelvic surgery
  • Having a history of undescended testicles

Symptoms Of Low Sperm Count:

The following signs and symptoms may be exhibited:

  • Inability to conceive a child
  • low sex drive
  • (erectile dysfunction
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • Decreased facial or body hair

Diangosis Of Low Sperm Count:

The following diagnostic tests should be conducted in order to diagnose low sperm count:

  • Medical history and physical examination
  • Semen analysis
  • Scortum ultrasound
  • Hormone testing
  • Genetic testing
  • Trans rectal ultrasound

Treatment Of Low Sperm Count:

The following treatment options are available:

  • Surgery
  • Hormone treatment and medications
  • Assisted reproductive technology
  • Treatment for problems with sexual intercourse

By : Natural Health News

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