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Anal Fistula Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What Is Anal Fistula?

An anal fistula is a small channel that develops between the end of the bowel, known as the anal canal, and the skin near the anus.

Anal fistulas can be classified as:

  • Simple or complex ( single fistula tract or interlinking connections)
  • Low or high (position and proximity to the sphincter muscle)

Causes Of Anal Fistula:

Anal fistula can develop due to the following causes:

  • Anal abscess

Anal abscess, if left untreated, tends to burst and cause an anal fistula to develop.

  • Inflammation of the intestines

Anal fistula is a known complication of the following diseases:

  1. Crohn’s disease
  2. diverticulitis
  3. Syphilis
  4. AIDS
  5. Tuberculosis
  6. Chlamydia
  • Complication in surgery
  • a growth or ulcer (painful sore)
  • an inborn health problem

Symptoms Of Anal Fistula:

The following symptoms are exhibited by those who develop anal fistula:

  • Recurrent anal abscesses
  • Pain and swelling around the anus
  • Pain with bowel movements
  • Bleeding
  • Bloody or foul-smelling drainage (pus) from an opening around the anus. The pain may decrease after the fistula drains.
  • Irritation of the skin around the anus due to persistent drainage
  • Fever, chills, and a general feeling of fatigue.
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting

Diagnosis Of Anal Fistula:

Anal fistula is generally diagnosed via the following methods:

  • Physical exam
  • Rectal examination
  • Protoscopy
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Anal endosonography

Treatment Of Anal Fistula:

Anal fistula can be treated through the following methods:

  • Surgery
  1. Fistulotomy
  2. Seton techniques
  3. Flap procedures
  4. Bioprosthetic plugs
  • Fibrin glue (non surgical treatment)

By : Natural Health News

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