Turner Syndrome – Monosomy X

Turner Syndrome

What Is Turner Syndrome?

It is a rare condition wherein females lack the normal pair of two X chromosomes. It is a genetic condition.

What Are The Symptoms Of Turner Syndrome?

Few common symptoms that may emerge in infants are:

  • Webbed and wide neck.
  • Swollen feet and hands.

Older females can experience the combination of following signs:

  • Dry eyes.
  • Drooping eyelids.
  • Vaginal dryness. This can result in painful sex.
  • Infertility.
  • Short height.
  • Absent menstruation.
  • Flat, broad chest.
  • Missing or partial development of puberty.

What Causes Turner Syndrome?

As mentioned earlier, it is a genetic condition. Normally, every cell of an individual has 23 pairs of chromosomes, which means 46 chromosomes all together. These chromosomes tend to contain all of the DNA and genes that are the body’s building block.

Moreover, two of such chromosomes determine whether it is a girl or boy, called sex chromosomes. More specifically, girls have XX chromosomes, whereas boys have two of the different sex chromosomes, XY. The condition occurs when the cells lack all or some of the X chromosome. Turner syndrome merely arises in females.

In majority instances of turner syndrome, the patient has a single X chromosome, whereas others can have two of them, though one of which tends to be incomplete. At times, a female with the condition has few cells with the normal pair of X chromosome; however other cells may have a single X chromosome.

What Are The Potential Complications Of Turner Syndrome?

Few complications, patients of turner syndrome can experience are:

  • Kidney problems.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Heart defects.
  • Obesity.
  • Middle ear infections.
  • Widening of aorta (adult)
  • Narrowing of aorta / abnormal aortic valve (infants).
  • Diabetes.
  • Arthritis.
  • Cataracts.
  • Hashimoto%9
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