Neuroblastoma Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What Is Neuroblastoma?

Neuroblastoma is a cancer which is known to develop from immature nerve cells found in different areas of the body.

It generally originates in either of the adrenal glands, but it can also develop in nerve tissues in the neck, chest, abdomen or pelvis.

Stages Of Neuroblastoma:

Neuroblastoma can be divided into the following stages:

  1. Localized
  2. Lymph node connected to the tumor may have cancer
  1. Localized
  2. Not easily removable
  1. Localized
  2. Not easily removable
  3. Lymph nodes, those connected as well as those nearby, contain cancer cells
  1. Advanced neuroblastoma
  2. Impossible to remove via surgery
  3. Lymph nodes may or may not contain cancer cells
  1. Advanced neuroblastoma
  2. Metastasized to other parts of the body
  1. Behaves differently to other forms of neuroblastoma
  2. Applies only to children under the age of one
  3. Spreads to another part of the body (skin, liver etc)
  4. Does not require treatment generally

Causes Of Neuroblastoma:

Neuroblastoma, like other cancers, is caused by genetic mutation. The cause of the genetic mutation is unknown.

Neuroblastoma begins in immature nerve cells (Neuroblasts) that a fetus makes as part of its development process.

Upon reaching maturation, the neuroblasts turn into nerve cells. Upon birth these neuroblasts disappear. However, if they don’t they form a tumor-a neuroblastoma.

Symptoms Of Neuroblastoma:

Neuroblastoma usually begins with the occurrence of the following symptoms:

Later on, the symptoms exhibited depend on primary tumor locations and metastases if present:

  1. swollen belly
  1. Breathing problems.
  2. Chest pains
  3. Drooping eyelids
  4. Unequal pupil size

Diagnosis Of Neuroblastoma:

Neuroblastoma can be diagnosed via the following tests and procedures.

  1. CT scan
  2. X-ray
  3. Ultra sound
  4. MRI
  5. metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG)

After confirming diagnoses, the doctor may order further tests to diagnose the stage of neuroblastoma.

Treatment Of Neuroblastoma:

Treatment of neuroblastoma can be divided into the following categories:

By : Natural Health News

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