Listeria Infection Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

What Is Listeria Infection?

Listeria monocytogenes are a type of bacteria usually present in water and soil. It can also be present in certain raw and processed food products. Moreover, studies have shown that products made out of unpasteurized milk also tend to have Listeria monocytogenes very often. When this bacteria enters the body, a person is likely to suffer from a foodborne illness i.e. illness caused due to the consumption of contaminated food. This is known as the Listeria infection. It could be very dangerous for pregnant women since Listeria infection is, at times, fatal for unborn babies. Listeria can even survive and grow in cold temperatures of refrigerators.

What Are The Symptoms Of Listeria Infection?

Soon after the consumption of contaminated food, a victim of Listeria infection may suffer from one or more of the following:

However, the infection might spread to the nervous system and the following symptoms might show up:

While these symptoms are common, pregnant women tend to suffer headaches and vomiting. On the other hand, unborn babies might cease to exist or may suffer from sever infection during the first few days of their birth.

How Is Listeria Infection Caused?

Consumption of the following could lead to Listeria infection:

How Is Listeria Infection Diagnosed?

Diagnosing Listeria infection is not a difficult task for doctors. One or a combination of the following tests is generally required by doctors:

How Is Listeria Infection Treated?

Whether Listeria infection requires treatment or not depends on the intensity of symptoms that may evolve. At times, Listeria infection needs not to be treated and gets cured by itself. If the condition worsens, however, then consumption of antibiotics is the only effective treatment suggested by the doctors. For pregnant victims, it is very necessary to take certain antibiotics as soon as the Listeria infection is diagnosed in order to prevent the infection to affect the child. If a child is born with Listeria infection, specific antibiotics are used for treatment.

How To Prevent Listeria Infection?

Since it is clear why people get Listeria infection, certain measures could help prevent the disease:

By : Natural Health News

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