Anemia Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment
What is Anemia
Anemia is a condition in which the blood is deficient in the body. This deficiency of blood is caused due to the deficiency of iron, which is a vital part of the protein complex, hemoglobin, present in the blood. Anemia is a blood disorder that is created when your blood lacks sufficient healthy red blood cells. These cells are the major transporters of oxygen to organs. If red blood cells are also deficient in hemoglobin, then your body is not getting adequate iron.
Anemia can occur due to some reasons. In cancer patients, anemia is a common condition. In most of the cases cancer it causes anemia. If the cancer affected area include liver, bone marrow, heart, lung, kidney etc then red blood cell production is decreased severely causing anemia. If the patient is having tumor or ulcer in the internal body organs for example intestine, bladder, or stomach etc then severe bleeding can occur which can in turn cause anemia. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy can also be responsible for anemia in cancer affected patients.
Symptoms of Anemia
The most common Symptoms of Anemia are weakness and fatigue. Anemia causes the heart to work harder to pump oxygen-rich blood through the body, therefore lessening energy to do normal activities. While mild to moderate anemia may cause very mild symptoms or none at all. Some other signs and symptoms of anemia would include:
- Shortness of breath
- Palpitations/heart racing
- Coldness in the hands and feet
- Pale skin/pale inside of lower eye lid
- Change in stool color, including black and tarry stools
- Visibly bloody stools
- Low tolerance power
- Less energy
These signs and symptoms of anemia can occur because a low red blood cell count reduces oxygen delivery to every tissue in the body, anemia can cause a variety of signs and symptoms. It can also get worse the symptoms of almost any other underlying medical condition. If anemia is mild, it may not cause any symptoms. If anemia is gradually ongoing (chronic), the body may adapt and compensate for the change; in this case, there may not be any symptoms until the anemia becomes more severe.
Causes of Anemia
The root Causes of Anemia is commonly deficiency of iron in the diet. Though, there are many other ways in which loss of blood can take place from the body. The following are some of them:-
There are several causes of anemia, which include:
- Iron deficiency
- Kidney disease
- Poor nutrition
- Deficiency of vitamin B12 known as pernicious anemia
- Sickle cell anemia
- Bone marrow related anemia
- Aplastic anemia
- Hemolytic anemia
- Active bleeding, eg. Heavy bleeding during menstration
The body needs red blood cells to survive. They carry hemoglobin, a complex protein that has iron molecules. These molecules carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. The major causes of anemia disease are not sufficient or faulty production of red blood cells, a high rate of destruction of red blood cells, and excessive bleeding.
Diagnosis of Anemia
There are different methods to diagnose anemia, but the most common is a blood test known as a complete blood count (CBC). A CBC test may be ordered by a physician as a part of routine general checkup and screening or based on clinical signs and symptoms that may suggest anemia or other blood abnormalities.
If you receive a Diagnosis of Anemia, your doctor may order further tests to find out the underlying cause. For instance, iron deficiency anemia can result from chronic bleeding of ulcers, benign polyps in the colon, colon cancer, tumors or kidney problems.
Treatment of Anemia
The first aim of Treatment of Anemia is to find the underlying cause, then to enhance the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. To do this, you must look for ways to raise the red blood cell count and/or hemoglobin level. For some people, anemia is caused by more than one factor.
Treatments may include dietary changes or supplements, procedures, blood transfusion, medicines, or surgery to correct internal bleeding.
Medications and Treatment of Anemia include supplements for example iron, antibiotics to treat infections, hormones to treat heavy menstrual bleeding, erythropoietin to stimulate the body to make more red blood cells, medicines to stop the body’s immune system from destroying its own red blood cells, and chelation.
How can Anemia are Controlled
- Figs must be eaten on a regular basis, at the rate of three to four per day.
- Organ meats like kidney and liver must be included in the diet.
- Cold water bath is known to have helpful effects in anemia. A person with anemia must have at least two cold water baths a day.
- Flushing out the bodily toxins is essential. This can be achieved by massages from professionals.
- For about ten minutes every day, the weak person must breathe deeply.
- Anemic people must not lead a lazy lifestyle even though anemia tends to make people lethargic. They must indulge in light exercises to keep the circulation healthy.
By : Natural Health News