Urticaria Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment


What Is Urticaria ?

Urticaria (hives) is the sudden outbreak of red, swollen bumps on the skin. It is either due to no apparent reason, or because of the body’s response against specific allergens. Urticaria, often roots itching, whereas the skin condition can also sting or burn. You can develop urticaria anywhere on your body, such as your lips, face, ears or throat. In addition, hives tend to vary in terms of sizes, and can join together, turning into bigger areas, called plaques. The skin condition can persist for hours, in some cases, even for a day, before resolving.

Usually, the skin condition is safe, plus, fades without leaving any permanent marks. Rarely, treatment is needed. In case of treatment, the doctor usually prescribes Antihistamine medications.

What Are The Symptoms Of Urticaria ?

Symptoms of urticaria are:

  • Swelling of the skin’s surface.
  • Itching.
  • Swollen bumps (welts) are of skin or red colored that have defined edges.
  • These welts can turn bigger and can spread.
  • They may merge together and developed into larger areas of raised, flat skin.
  • These can change shape.
  • Welts can resolve and re-emerge within minutes/hours.
  • Pressing the center of the hive can turn its color into white.

When Is The Right Time To Seek Medical Assistance ?

Mild cases of Urticaria can be self-treated. In case the symptoms tend to persist for several days, call up for an appointment with your doctor.

What Causes Urticaria ?

Urticaria can be sourced by the following factors:

  • Foods: several foods are known to cause reaction in individuals with sensitivities. Few examples include milk, eggs, peanuts, fish etc.
  • Medications: It is observed that any medication can instigate the skin condition, though aspirin, penincilin and naproxen are the common triggers.
  • Certain substances: the skin condition is commonly caused by insect stings, latex, pollen etc, in persons with sensitivities.
  • Environmental factors: such as sunlight, cold, heat, pressure of water on your skin etc.
    Causal health condition: At times, it occurs due to immune system disorders, certain forms of cancer, thyroid conditions and blood transfusions.
  • Exercise and stress: The two factors are also known to cause uticaria.
  • Infections: Infections that are triggered by viruses or bacteria may also root urticaria .

What Are The Complications Of Urticaria ?

Urticaria hardly leads to any complication, and is safe. If persists for several hours, or a day or so. Though, in case, it continues for days, do not delay to seek medical assistance.

How Is Urticaria Diagnosis ?

The doctor will perform a thorough physical examination and will ask questions to determine the possible triggers of the skin condition. Rarely, doctors suggest allergy skin test.

How Is Urticaria Treatment ?

For mild signs of urticaria, treatment is not necessary as it usually clears up without the need of medical aid. Though, for continuous signs, great discomfort and extreme itching, treatment tends to offer ease. Treatment options include medication:

  • Antihistamines,
  • Corticosteroids,
  • Autoimmune drugs and
  • Blood protein controllers.

Serious attack of urticaria needs immediate trip to the hospital.

By : Natural Health News

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