Tooth Decay Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Tooth Decay

What Is Tooth Decay ?

Cavities are known as permanently damaged regions of your teeth that further develop into small holes or openings. Also, Cavities are known as caries or tooth decay. Tooth decay is caused by a mixture of different factors, comprising bacteria in the mouth, recurrent snacking, drinking several sugary drinks, as well as not brushing well.

Tooth decay and Cavities are known as the most common problems of health in the world. Especially, they are common in teenagers, children and adults. However, anyone who has teeth can develop cavities, such as infants.

What Are The Symptoms Of Tooth Decay ?

The symptoms of tooth decay differ, depending on the location and extent. When a tooth starts decaying, there are no symptoms at first. As the tooth decay progresses, it may cause symptoms like:

  • Tooth sensitivity.
  • Toothache.
  • Minor to intense pain while drinking or eating something hot, cold or sweet.
  • Visible pits or holes inside the teeth.
  • Black, Brown or white discoloration on any of a tooth surface.
  • Pain while chewing.

What Causes Of Tooth Decay ?

Following mentioned are the things that most probably develop tooth decay:

Not flossing and brushing your teeth daily and avoiding dentist for cleanings and checkups.

  • Eating high carbohydrates and sugar foods which can increase the chances of bacteria growth.
  • Not enough intake of fluoride. Fluoride assists prevent tooth decay by keeping teeth more acids resistant developed by plaque. Fluoride is also included to several water supplies.
  • The saliva secretion is not enough. Saliva helps in washing harmful sugars and food away, thus it protects tooth decay.
  • Suffering from diabetes.
  • Smoking, saliva intake with tobacco, or secondhand smoke breathing.

How Tooth Decay Is Diagnosis ?

The dentist can easily diagnose tooth decay by the following steps:

  • Inquire about the sensitivity and pain.
  • Investigating your teeth and mouth.
  • Examining your teeth by the help of dental instruments to look for soft areas.
  • Observing dental X-rays to confirm the degree of decay and cavities.

Also, your dentist will be capable to diagnose that which type of tooth decay you have:

  • Pit and fissure,
  • Smooth surface,
  • Root.

How Tooth Decay Is Treatment ?

Tooth decay treatment: usually depends on the severity and location of the decay. The options of treatment consist of:

Use of Fluoride as a treatment: If tooth decay is in the starting period, a fluoride can treat it and aid restore the enamel of your tooth. Qualified fluoride treatments consist of more fluoride as compared to the normal, OTC toothpaste as well as mouth rinses.

Fillings: sometimes Fillings are known as restorations. These are the most important treatment option when tooth decay has developed beyond the earliest stage of enamel-erosion.

Root canals: Whenever tooth decay reaches the tooth pulp than it is very important to go for a root canal. This treatment is done to heal and restore a badly infected or damaged tooth in place of eliminating it.

Tooth extractions: if teeth are decayed severely that they are not able to be restored, so it is a wise option to remove it.

By : Natural Health News

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