Sweet’s Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Sweet's Syndrome

What Is Sweet’s Syndrome ?

It is a skin condition characterized by skin lesions and fever. Though being rare, the precise cause of sweet’s syndrome is yet to be known. In addition to this, lesion associated with sweet’s syndrome commonly develops on the back, face, neck and arms. The skin condition is also known as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis.

For some, sweet’s syndrome is instigated by an illness, infection or specific medications. Besides, it may also develop with certain forms of cancer. Sweet’s syndrome is mostly treated using corticosteroids pills, for example prednisone. Signs generally improve within days after the patient starts the treatment, though, recurrence is possible.

What Are The Symptoms Of Sweet’s Syndrome ?

A patient with sweet’s syndrome develops tiny red color bumps on the back, face, neck or arms, usually after an upper respiratory infection or fever. In addition, these bumps tend to grow rapidly in size, forming into clusters that can cause pain. These are up to an inch in diameter.

When Is The Right Time To Seek Medical Assistance ?

In case you or someone in your family develops a red, painful rash that is increasingly growing in size, than it is advice to seek medical assistance for its treatment.

What Causes Sweet’s Syndrome ?

In majority instances of sweet’s syndrome, the precise cause tends to remain a mystery. However; at times, the skin condition is linked with cancer, mostly leukemia. A small percentage of cases can also be linked with a tumor, for example color or breast cancer. Besides, sweet’s syndrome can also arise due to a reaction to some drug, particularly a type of medicine used to augment the production of W.B.Cs.

What Are The Risk Factors Of Sweet’s Syndrome ?

Even though, being rare, a number of factors can put you at an increased risk of contracting sweet’s syndrome, these are:

  • Being a male.
  • Females in between the ages of 30-50.
  • Cancer, particularly leukemia.
  • Other health concerns such as upper respiratory infection and inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Pregnancy.

What Are The Complications Of Sweet’s Syndrome ?

The skin lesions can turn contagious. In case, sweet’s syndrome is linked with cancer then the flare-up of lesions can be the first indication of cancer.

How Is Sweet’s Syndrome Diagnosed ?

Often, sweet’s syndrome is detected on the basis of skin evaluation. The dermatologist will carefully examine the lesions and will possibly suggest tests to exclude other conditions which may cause similar indications and spot the underlying trigger. Tests may include:

  • Skin biopsy.
  • Blood test.

How Is Sweet’s Syndrome Treated ?

In few instances, the skin condition tends to resolve without the need of treatment. However, medications can help pace the recovery process considerably. As mentioned earlier, corticosteroids are mostly used to treat sweet’s syndrome. More specifically, the medicine comes in numerous forms such as:

  • Pills.
  • Ointments or creams.
  • Injections.

Long term usage of corticosteroids may result in side effects; therefore, the health care provider can prescribe other types of oral drugs.

By : Natural Health News

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