Basal Cell Carcinoma Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Basal Cell Carcinoma

What is Basal Cell Carcinoma ?

Skin cancer has several types, where basal cell carcinoma tends to be one of its kinds. It starts to develop in your basal cells. Basically, these are the cells present within our skin. Basal cells are responsible for making new cells when old cells expire.

Normally, basal cell carcinoma seems like a waxy bump, however, may take different forms. More often, it develops on the skin areas that are frequently sun exposed, for example neck and face.
Prolonged exposure to sun, that is the UV light from sunlight, is considered to be the trigger of majority cases. The disease is merely preventable by protecting your skin against the harmful UV rays of the sun. In case of exposure, it is advice to use an effective sunscreen.

What Are The Symptoms Of Basal Cell Carcinoma ?

As mentioned earlier, basal cell carcinomas often forms on the body parts that are frequently exposed to the sun, particularly neck and head. Quite rarely, it develops on the legs and trunk. This does not mean that areas that are less sun-exposed cannot form basal cell carcinoma, and are safe.

Even though, usual indication of skin cancer tends to be a sore which fails to heal, or sores that scabs over or bleeds more often, however, basal cell carcinoma can also emerge as:

  • A scaly, flat, brown patch that appears on the chest or back. Gradually, these patches associated with basal cell carcinoma can turn larger.
  • A waxy or white bump on the neck, ears or face. It can bleed, and form a crust.

What Causes Basal Cell Carcinoma ?

It occurs when basal cells forms a mutation in its DNA. This is known to result due to the harmful UV rays of the sun. Not merely the sunlight, but one can also obtain UV radiation from artificial means that is the commercial tanning beds and lamps. Though, the only factor is not blamed to cause basal cell carcinoma, there are a number of possible factors that may also play a role in its instigation. For example:

  • A health condition known to weak the immune system of a body.
  • Exposure to toxic substances.

How Is Basal Cell Carcinoma Diagnosis ?

In order to detect basal cell carcinoma, the health care provider will possibly conduct the following:

  • Thoroughly examining the skin of the patient.
  • Skin biopsy that is taking a sample of skin for lab testing.

How Is Basal Cell Carcinoma Treatment ?

There are numerous treatment options present for the skin disease, though what option is suitable for you tends to rely upon the following factors:

  • Location of cancer.
  • Type of cancer.
  • Intensity of cancer.

Generally, the following treatment options are used nowadays for treating basal cell carcinoma:

  • Mohs surgery.
  • Freezing.
  • Surgical excision.
  • Electrodesiccation and curettage.
  • Topical treatments.
  • Drugs for advanced cases.

How Is Basal Cell Carcinoma Preventable ?

Yes, to a greater extent, simply by avoiding your exposure to sun, you can protect your skin not only against basal cell carcinoma, but many other skin diseases and damage as well.

By : Natural Health News

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