What Is Stevens-Johnson Syndrome?
Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a life threatening skin condition. It is a form of toxic epidermal necrolysis. In this syndrome, cell death causes the separation of epidermis from the dermis.
It is thought to be a hypersensitivity (a set of undesirable reaction brought about by normal immune system) complex which affects skin and mucous membranes.
Causes range from taking certain medications to infections. It is usually an overreaction of the immune system to a seemingly mild infection. This leads to exhibition of blisters and peeling of the skin.
What begins as symptoms for infection invigorates into red painful rash. The top affected layer of the skin then dies and sheds away.
Prompt treatment is integral in preventing organs from attaining any lasting damage. Treatment focuses on culminating the underlying cause, relieving symptoms and minimizing complications.
Causes Of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome:
Stevens-Johnson syndrome arises due to the hyperactivity of the immune system.
Possible causes, which may trigger the immune system to overreact include:
Upper respiratory infections
Symptoms Of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome:
The following symptoms may be exhibited by affected individual:
- Facial swelling
- Tongue swelling
- Skin pain
- A red or purple skin rash that spreads within hours to days
- Blisters on skin and the mucous membranes of mouth, nose, Eyes and genitals
- Shedding of skin
- Sore mouth and throat
- Burning eyes
Diagnosis Of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome:
Stevens-Johnson syndrome can be diagnosed via:
- Medical history
- Physical exam
- Skin test
Treatment Of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome:
The following treatment options are available:
To control infections
To relieve itching and painful rash
To reduce discomfort
- Supportive care
Fluid replacement, since skin loss results in loss of fluids]Wound care, for blisters
By : Natural Health News