Mouth Cancer – A Fatal Disease

Mouth Cancer - A Fatal Disease

Developing of cancer in any particular part of your mouth is called mouth cancer. More specifically, it may occur on your:

  • Tongue.
  • Gums.
  • Lips.
  • Floor or roof of your mouth.
  • Inside your cheeks lining.

If cancer develops in the inside of your mouth, it is medically termed as oral cavity cancer or oral cancer.

What are the symptoms of mouth cancer?

Few common signs of mouth cancer are:

  • Tongue pain.
  • Sore that fails to heal.
  • Loose teeth.
  • Thickening of your mouth lining or skin.
  • Jaw stiffness or pain.
  • Poorly fitting dentures.
  • Sore throat.
  • Pain or difficulty chewing or swallowing.
  • A reddish or white patch in your inside mouth.

What causes mouth cancer?

Changes in the DNA of the cells present in the mouth or on the lips develop mouth cancer. Such changes are also called mutations. When healthy cells die, such mutations permit the growth and division of cancer cells. Building up of cancer cells tends to form tumor. Gradually, they spread to some other parts of your mouth, neck and head areas or other body parts.

What exactly causes such mutation, is unknown till date, however, doctors have highlighted certain factors that tend to make you more likely of developing mouth cancer.

What are the types of mouth cancer?

Types of mouth cancer includes:

  • Buccal mucosa cancer.
  • Gum cancer.
  • Floor of mouth cancer.
  • Hard palate cancer.
  • Lip cancer.
  • Tongue cancer.
  • Salivary gland cancer.

What are the risk factors of mouth cancer?

Certain factors that make you more likely of developing mouth cancer are:

  • Heavy consumption of alcohol.
  • Using any type of tobacco such as chewing tobacco, pipes, cigars, cigarettes, etc.
  • Too much exposure of sun.

How is mouth cancer diagnosed?

In order to diagnose mouth cancer, the doctor is more likely to examine the mouth and lips of the patient in order to see for any abnormalities such as white patches, or sores. In case of a suspicious part, the doctor will suggest biopsy which involves removing the cells as a sample for lab testing.

In case you are diagnosed with mouth cancer, the next step your doctor will take is to find out what stage the cancer has reached. For the purpose, he can recommend:

  • Endoscopy.
  • Imaging tests.

How is mouth cancer treated?

Its treatment depends upon the stage and location of your cancer. Moreover, personal preferences and overall health are also considered. In certain cases, combination of treatments is performed, while in some, a single treatment type is conducted. However, your doctor will decide what treatment is suitable for your case. Few treatment options of mouth cancer include:

  • Surgery.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Targeted drug therapy.

Prevention:

You may decrease the chances of mouth cancer by implementing the following:

  • Quit smoking or any other tobacco use.
  • Quit alcohol or consume on moderation.
  • Consume a variety of vegetables and fruits.
  • Too much of sun exposure is harmful, so, avoid!

By : Natural Health News


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