Hemorrhoids Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hemorrhoids - Piles

What are hemorrhoids?

Piles or hemorrhoids are inflamed and swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus. Few of its common causes include:

  • Straining while passing stool.
  • Intense pressure exertion on such veins in pregnancy.

Furthermore, hemorrhoids can develop inside your rectum or under your skin surrounding your anus, called internal and external hemorrhoids respectively. Furthermore, piles are common, around fifty percent of adults experience the bleeding, discomfort and itching associated with hemorrhoids. Thankfully, a number of treatments have proved effective to treat the condition. However, lifestyle changes and home treatments can also help easing your symptoms.

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoid?

Few common symptoms of hemorrhoids are:

  • Painless bleeding while passing stool.
  • Irritation or itching in the anal region.
  • Discomfort or pain.
  • Lump close to the anus.
  • Swelling around the anus.
  • Feces leakage.

Moreover, its symptoms depend upon its location of occurrence, as one can’t feel or see internal hemorrhoids, whilst normally; the type do not tends to cause discomfort,  however; irritation and straining during bowel movement can harm the delicate surface of hemorrhoid, leading it to bleed.

On the other hand, external hemorrhoid can bleed and itch when aggravated. At times, blood tends to accumulate in the external hemorrhoid, later forming thrombus (clot) that can lead to extreme inflammation, swelling and pain.

What causes hemorrhoids?

Basically, veins surrounding the anus stretch when increase pressure is exerted in your lower rectum, resulting in swelling and bulging. Certain factors which may lead increased pressure are:

The condition is more common in older adults as the more you age, tissues responsible for supporting the veins present in the anus and rectum tends to stretch and weaken.

What are the potential complications of hemorrhoids?

Rarely, hemorrhoid leads complications, however when it does, complications include:

  • Strangulated hemorrhoid.
  • Anemia.

How is hemorrhoid diagnosed?

External hemorrhoid is easily to diagnose through careful physical examination, however the doctor can suggest procedures and tests in order to diagnose its other type, internal hemorrhoids.

  • Thoroughly examining the rectum and anal for abnormalities and,
  • Visual examination of the rectum and anal canal through sigmoidoscope, proctoscope or anoscope.

How is hemorrhoid treated?

Many times, lifestyle changes with the combination of home remedies serve as the treatment plan of hemorrhoids. However, at times, the doctor can suggest surgical procedures (hemorrhoid removal or hemorrhoid stapling) or medications.

If formation of blood clots has occurred, the doctor can suggest the procedure of simple incision that can provide instant relief. Though, for painful hemorrhoid or in case bleeding is persistent, then you are more likely to experience:

  • Rubber band ligation.
  • Injection (sclerotherapy).
  • Coagulation (bipolar, laser or infrared).


  • It is important to keep the stool soft; this will enable it to pass out easily.
  • Consume fiber-enriched foods.
  • Drink 12 glasses of water a day.
  • Do not strain.
  • Do not delay to have bowel movements when feel the urge.
  • Regularly exercise for at least 25 minutes a day.
  • Avoid prolonged sittings.

By : Natural Health News

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