Hemophilia Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hemophilia - A Serious Blood Clotting Disorder

What is hemophilia?

Hemophilia is a serious disorder of the body’s system of blood-clotting. Changing of blood from a liquid state to a solid is actually the process of clotting. Moreover, there are few hemophilia types wherein all tend to trigger prolong bleeding.

Furthermore, if an individual with hemophilia receives a cut, he will experience prolonged bleeding comparatively than in case his blood has normally clotted. Minor cuts are hardly a problem; however the major health concern, specifically by hemophilia A-B, the individual is more likely to experience deep bleeding internally plus bleeding into his joint.

Even though, the condition is an all-time disease, yet with self-care and proper treatment, majority individuals with hemophilia successfully maintain a productive and active lifestyle.

What are the symptoms of hemophilia?

Its symptoms tend to differ depending upon the body’s deficiency of clotting factors. (Proteins, responsible for forming clots). In case of considerable low levels of clotting factors, the individual can face spontaneous .bleeding. in case the clotting factor tend to be moderately or slightly low, an individual can bleed after trauma or surgery only.

The symptoms and signs of spontaneous bleeding are:

  • Nosebleeds.
  • Deep or large bruises.
  • Feeling of tightness in joints.
  • Blood in the stool or urine.
  • Joint swelling or pain caused because of internal bleeding.
  • Excessive and unexplained bruising or bleeding.
  • Unusual bleeding following immunizations.
  • Prolonged bleeding after tooth extraction or surgery or from injuries or cuts.

Few emergency symptoms of the disease include:

  • Repeated vomiting.
  • Sudden warmth, swelling and pain in large joint for example elbows, knees, shoulders, hips and of legs and arm’s muscles.
  • Extreme fatigue.
  • Double vision.
  • Neck pain.
  • Lasting, painful headache.
  • In case of severe hemophilia form, bleeding from the injury.

What are the types and causes of hemophilia?

When we bleed internally or get a cut, normally our body groups together the blood cells to develop a clot in order to prevent excessive bleeding. The process is known as coagulation. It involves the blood particles named plasma proteins and platelets which encourage clotting. Lacking any of such clotting factors can cause hemophilia. What particular hemophilia type you have solely depend upon what specific clotting factor you are lacking.

Have a look to the types of hemophilia:

  • Hemophilia A: deficiency of sufficient clotting factor VIII (8) can cause this most common hemophilia type.
  • Hemophilia B: deficiency of sufficient clotting factor IX (9) can cause this hemophilia type.
  • Hemophilia C: clotting factor XI (11) deficiency can cause this type of hemophilia. Its symptoms are usually mild.

Mostly, hemophilia is inherited. Genetic mutation causes hemophilia. Mutations tend to involve the genes which code for the essential proteins needed for the clotting process. Moreover, bleeding symptoms occurs due to impaired blood clotting. More commonly, males are more likely to develop hemophilia as the gene mutations are mostly caused in the pattern of X chromosome.

How is hemophilia diagnosed?

The doctor can suggest a blood test in order to analyze the clotting factor deficiency.

How is hemophilia treated?

Clearly, hemophilia is incurable. However, you can lead a normal with this disease. Its treatment tends to differ depending upon the condition’s severity. Few treatment options include:

  • Replacement therapy.
  • Plasma protein pooling.
  • Desmopressin (a medicine).

By : Natural Health News

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