Drug addiction Causes, Symptoms, Diangosis and Treatment

Drug addiction

What Is Drug Addiction?

Also known as substance dependence, drug addiction is a dependence on a legal or illegal drug. It is an adaptive state which develops from repeated intake of drugs. It is followed by withdrawal symptoms, if one tries to stop using drugs.

An addictive drug is defined to be something which is both rewarding and reinforcing. These characteristics make it addictive.

In drug addiction, the affected individual continues to use harmful drugs even after it causes them harm. The reason is that they are unable to control the urge to intake drugs and are compelled to do so.

Therefore, such people require external assistance in order to stop. If not treated, it may lead to dire consequences which may include brawls with law enforcement.

Causes Of Drug Addiction:

Drug addiction may be caused by the interaction of several factors. They include:

  •     Environment
    Upbringing and family belief
    Attitude towards drugs
    Peer pressure
    Exposure via media and social circle
  •     Genetics
  •     Changes in brain
    Repeated use of drugs changes the way brain feels pleasure

Symptoms Of Drug Addiction:

Drug addiction symptoms may include:

  •     Wanting to use the drug regularly
  •     Having intense urges for the drug
  •     Over time, needing more of the drug to get the same effect
  •     Maintaining a constant supply of drugs
  •     Spending money on the drug, even if it is unaffordable
  •     Not meeting obligations and work responsibilities, or cutting back on social or recreational activities because of drug use
  •     Erratic behaviors, like stealing
  •     Driving or doing other risky activities
  •     Focusing more and more time and energy on getting and using the drug
  •     Inability to stop using the drug
  •     Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit

Diagnose Of Drug Addiction:

Drug addiction can be diagnosed via:

  •     Thorough evaluation
  •     Assessment by psychiatrist

Treatment Of Drug Addiction:

The following treatment options are available:

  •     Chemical dependence treatment programs
    Indivual or group therapy sessions
  •     Detoxification
    Withdrawal from different drugs require different approaches
  •     Counseling
    Developing ways of coping with drug cravings
    Strategies to avoid and prevent relapse
    Talking about issues including relationships and legal problems
  •     Self-help groups

Moreover, seeing a therapist and joining a support group helps against relapsing.

 

By : Natural Health News